The highly organized opposition to NAFTA has focused on the fear that the removal of trade barriers will encourage U.S. companies to get carried away and settle in Mexico to use cheap labour. This concern increased in the early years of the 2000s, when the economy experienced a recession and the subsequent recovery turned out to be a „recovery in unemployment“. Opposition to NAFTA was also strong among environmental groups, who said that the anti-pollution elements in the treaty were woefully inadequate. This criticism has not wavered since the implementation of NAFTA. In fact, Mexico and Canada have been cited on several occasions for environmental infidelities. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S. President George H.W. Bush, came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, Nafta has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA).
Negotiations on CUFTA began in 1986 and the agreement entered into force on 1 January 1989. The two nations agreed on a landmark agreement that put Canada and the United States at the forefront of trade liberalization. For more information, visit the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement information page. It was also the first Canadian election to use a lot of negative publicity; Anti-free trade advertising showed that negotiators were „moving away“ from the free trade agreement, which turned out to be the Canada-U.S. border at the end of advertising. Although some opinion polls showed that there were slightly more Canadians against the deal than for him, the Mulroney Progressive Conservatives took advantage of being the only party in favour of the deal, while the Liberals and the NDP divided the vote on free trade. In addition, future Quebec premiers Jacques Parizeau and Bernard Landry supported the agreement, which was seen as a factor in supporting the PC party in Quebec.  Mulroney won a government majority and the agreement was introduced into law, even though a majority of voters had voted for parties opposed to free trade.   In the negotiations, Canada retained the right to protect its cultural industries and sectors such as education and health. Some resources, such as water, should also be removed from the agreement.
Canadians have failed to win free competition for U.S. government procurement. Canadian negotiators also emphasized the inclusion of a dispute resolution mechanism.  U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Census, foreign trade statistics. „New data updates 2005.“ Available at www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/. Appeal on April 17, 2006. The phenomenon of „cross-border shopping,“ in which Canadians would take day trips to U.S. border towns to use duty-free goods and a high Canadian dollar, caused a mini-boom for these cities.
The loss of many Canadian jobs, particularly in Ontario`s manufacturing industry during the recession of the early 1990s, was attributed (fairly or not) to the free trade agreement. As mentioned in the agreement, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement were the main objectives: in 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, along with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped raise the standard of living of the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules, this agreement has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity and has provided a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization for the rest of the world.